The Sport Of Boxing

.. the count is ended. In amateur and some professional bouts, however, a fallen boxer must take a mandatory eight count. Under this rule, fighting may not resume after a knockdown until the referee has counted to eight, even if the fallen boxer rises immediately. If a boxer in an amateur fight is knocked down three times in one round, his opponent wins the match on a TKO.

This rule also applies to all professional bouts except championship matches. Boxing Skills- every boxer has his own style, but overall they use the same basic techniques. In the ring, a boxer adopts a basic stance that helps him to move quickly and effortlessly. A right-handed boxer keeps his left side toward his opponent and stands with his feet about shoulder width apart. The boxer holds his left fist a short distance in front of the left shoulder and his right fist just to the right of the chin.

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The boxer keeps his elbows close to his body to protect his ribs. Many left-handed boxers adopt this same stance, though some reverse it. The basis stance puts a boxer in the best position to avoid or block the punches of his opponent and to throw effective blows in return. To create openings for his punches, a boxer uses various feints and combinations. A feint is a fake punch. For example, a boxer may make a feint with his left hand and then deliver an actual blow with his right hand. A combination consists of two or more lightening-fast punches in a row, such as a left, a right, and then a followed up left.

Good boxers keep in top physical condition and spend many hours practicing boxing skills. They do much roadwork. They do things like running and jogging to develop endurance, and skip rope to improve footwork. They also practice their punching ability on punching bags. When training for a bout, boxers practice under fight conditions by boxing with sparring partners.

Amateur Boxing In the United States, Many Schools, boys clubs and camps, and various branches of the armed services offer boxing as a sports program. Most of this competition is conducted under regulations set by the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU). The AAU conducts amateur boxing championships every year. It cooperates with the Air Force, Army, Navy, and Marine Corps in establishing interservice championships. The AAU also supervises the selection of the United States boxers for the Olympic Games and other international events.

It is a Member of the Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur (AIBA). The annual Golden Gloves tournament is probably the most famous amateur boxing event in the United States. A newspaper, the New York Daily News, sponsored the first Golden Gloves competition in 1927. The nationwide tournament is approved by the AAU and operates under the organization’s rules. A series of local and regional elimination bouts lead to the final championship matches.

Professional Boxing Financing- Professional boxers fight for money in bouts arranged by promoters. A promoter may be an individual or an entire corporation. The promoter rents an arena or stadium, decides on the amount to be paid to each boxer, sells tickets and makes all other needed arrangements. the promoter may be able to sell television rites, to make video or motion picture deals, and radio rites for an important bout. The promoter schedules several matches for the same evening.

The main event features the two top boxers. Many preliminary bouts between less important or known boxers take place before the main event. Most preliminary bouts are scheduled for four to six rounds. Every professional boxer must have a manager to handle all business affairs. The manager makes agreements with promoters for the bouts, hires the fighter’s paid help and employees, and sets up a training camp for the boxer.

He may get as much as a third of his fighter’s prize money. A boxer’s employees include a trainer and one or two seconds. A trainer drills the fighter in boxing techniques and gives strategy during the bouts. The seconds assist the trainer. Promoters usually pay less experienced boxers a flat out fee or pay with no added extras from ticket sales or pay-per-vue appearances before the main event.

Well-known fighters usually receive a percentage of the gate of usually known as the ticket receipts. They also share in profits from the sale of any entertainment rights. Regulations- In the United States, state and local boxing commissions regulate professional boxing. Most of these commissions belong to the World Boxing Association (WBA), some to the World Boxing Council (WBC), and others to both. The WBA and WBC are international organizations that recommend rules to their members.

Each organization names its own list of world champions. The two lists often differ, both the WBA and WBC allow a boxer to hold only one championship at a time. The Canadian Boxing Federation supervises it’s professional boxing in Canada. History Ancient Times-Boxing is one of the oldest known sports. Stone carvings indicate that the Sumerians, who lived in what is now Iraq, boxed at least 5,000 years ago.

The sport probably spread from the Sumerians to people throughout the world. Boxing was a brutal spectacle in ancient Greece. Two men (usually young men) would sit on flat stones, face to face, with their fist wrapped in thongs ( which were strips of leather which offered little or no protection). At a signal, they began to hit each other until one of them fell to the ground unconscious. The other man then continued to beat his opponent until he died. Later, the thongs were fitted with metal spikes so that the fights ended quicker.

The Romans also had their type of brutal matches. On their hands ands forearms, the fighters wore cestuses, which consisted of leather straps plated with metal. The fighters were allowed to stand and move around a small area. The sport became more savage with time. They then forbid the use of cestuses.

In the first century B.C., they prohibited boxing completely. The Mid-1900’s Archie Moore, Sugar Ray Robinson, and Rocky Marciano were three of the greatest fighters of the 1950’s. Archie Moore held the Light Heavyweight title from 1952 to 1961. Sugar Ray Robinson was the Welterweight Champion from 1946 to 1951 and then went on to win the Middleweight crown five times. Rocky Marciano was the Heavyweight Champion from 1952-1956 and won all his forty-nine professional fights. Though in the 1950’2 attendance at boxing matches declined with the rise of television.

Many fans preferred to watch major fights on television at home rather than attend other fights in person. As a result, small boxing clubs, where fighters got there start, went out of business. The public’s interest decreased to the point where only some championship bouts were televised. The Future of Boxing Evander Holyfield is now the reining Heavyweight Champion. He was awarded his title in November, 1996 by knocking out Mike Tyson in the ninth round at the MGM Grand Hotel In Las Vegas , Nevada.

They are scheduled to fight a rematch in June, 1997. Boxing is truly one of the last real man’s sports. I know my family couldn’t do without Tuesday Night Fight Night on USA. Bibiography 1. Benton, William, “Boxing”, Compton’s Encyclopedia and Fact Index.pp. 283-288.

1973ed. 2. Katz,Michael, “Boxing”, Grolier Encyclopedia, 1995 ed. 3. Loubet,Nat. “Boxing”, International Encyclopedia.

p. 1994-1999, 1981 ed. 4. Bowman, John, “Boxing”,The New Book Of Knowledge, pp351-354, 1996 ed. 5.Sullivan, George, “Boxing”,The World Book Encyclopedia, pp.436-443, 1984 ed.

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